Understanding Plantar Fasciitis: What You Need to Know
Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain in the heel and arch of the foot. It is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to the toes. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, affecting up to 10% of adults.
What is Plantar Fascia?
The plantar fascia is a tough band of tissue that helps support the arch of the foot. It acts like a shock absorber, helping to cushion the foot when you walk or run. When the plantar fascia is overused or injured, it can become inflamed. This inflammation causes pain in the heel and arch of the foot.
Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis
The most common symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain in the heel and arch of the foot. The pain is usually worse in the morning when you first get out of bed. It may also be worse after sitting or standing for a long time. Other symptoms of plantar fasciitis may include:
- Stiffness in the foot
- Tenderness in the heel and arch of the foot
- Pain that gets worse with activity
- Pain that goes away with rest
Diagnosis of Plantar Fasciitis
Your doctor will usually be able to diagnose plantar fasciitis based on your symptoms and a physical examination. Your doctor may also order an X-ray to rule out other conditions, such as a stress fracture.
Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis
There are a number of things you can do to treat plantar fasciitis and reduce your pain. These include:
- Rest: Avoid activities that make your pain worse.
- Stretching: Stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon several times a day.
- Footwear: Wear supportive shoes with good arch support.
- Insoles: Use insoles or Heel Pads that are designed to help with Plantar Fasciitis. check out Frido Orthopedic Heel Pads
- Orthotics: Custom-made orthotics can help relieve pain and support the foot arch.
- Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can help to relieve pain. Sometimes, your doctor may prescribe a more vital pain medication or a corticosteroid injection.
Prevention of Plantar Fasciitis
There are a number of things you can do to prevent plantar fasciitis, including:
- Warming up before exercise.
- Stretching after exercise.
- Wearing supportive shoes with good arch support.
- Losing weight if you are overweight or obese.
- Avoiding activities that put stress on your feet, such as running on hard surfaces.
If you are experiencing heel pain, it is important to see a doctor to get a diagnosis and discuss treatment options. With proper care, most people with plantar fasciitis can get relief from their pain and return to their normal activities.